Selmi Nadhem and Hachicha D. Nejib describes Ebola as a communicative disease, meaning it passes from contact with body fluids, blood, infected tissue from humans and animals and death or sick animals. Filovirus is the family/home classification for the Ebola virus grouping with viruses such as the Marburg virus. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) formerly known as Zaire, in Yambuky, the first outbreak of Ebola occurred in 1976. It is from a river near the village of Yambuky that Ebola gets its name. Out of the 318 cases, 280 people died accounting for an 88% case fatality. In that same year, in Nzara, Sudan experience 54% fatality rate from the same disease with 284 cases and 151 deaths. In 1977, 1 person contracted the disease in the Democratic of Congo and passed away. [Martiner, 2014]
Various methods of intervention used to control the spread of Ebola may attribute to stomping an epidemic in the 1970’s. A WHO Bulletin explains that when the illness first broke out of haemorrhagic fever from a factory worker in Nzara, Sudan on June 27th, 1976 by October 29th of the same year the World Health Organization sent a team to the country. Their immediate concern surrounded understanding the epidemiology of the illness. The team took blood from recovered patients for antibody study and samples from sections of the populations who were not exposed to the illness, simply to piece together the pattern of the illness. They made sure there were sufficient supply of masks, caps, gloves and disposable gowns for the hospital staff. In addition, the team met with the local chiefs and sub chiefs who agreed and facilitated groups of surveillance.